各位学霸们好，今天黄老师来分享一下上周PTE考场听力部分Summarize Spoken Text（SST）真题 & 答案解析。
（p.s. 需要《雅培英语PTE满分答案 – 3月版》的同学请找黄老师免费领取哦）
The pace of which that the human minds have evolved over the last half million years and more recently the last 200,000 years has been so frighteningly rapid that the evolution of cognitive function and perception in different ways, can only happen to the actions of a small number of genes. If one needed to adapt a dozen of genes changes and concert, in order to acquire the penetrating minds that we now have, which our ancestors 500,000 years ago didn’t have, the evolution could not have taken, could not have occurred so quickly. And for that reason alone, one begins to suspect that the genetic differences between people who lived 500,000 years ago sever that cognitive functions than ours are not so large. Therefore, a rather small number of genes may be responsible for our powerful minds.
The pace that our minds have evolved over the last half million years has been rapid, so cognitive function and perception can only happen to a small number of genes. Some people suspect that the genetic differences between us and our ancestors are not large. Therefore, only a small number of genes may be responsible for our power minds.
2. University Competition
Today a university like the LSE certainly has to acknowledge that it is in competition for the best students, all of whom have choices they can exercise, and many of them choices which run across national and continental borders. We are in competition, too, for staff. The academic job market is one of the most global. And in the 21st century English is the new Latin, so universities in English speaking countries are exposed to more intensive competition than those elsewhere. We are in competition for government funding through the assessment of research quality. We are in competition for research contracts, from public and private sector sources, and indeed we are in competition for the philanthropic pound. Many of our own donors were at more than one university, and indeed think of the LSEs requests alongside those of other charities to which they are committed. That is a competitive environment which is particularly visible to a vice-Chancellor.
大学需要竞争全国与全球人才，竞争员工。英语国家面临的竞争更加激烈。同时大学也在竞争政府拨款，研究合约，和慈善募捐(philanthropic)。而这些竞争对大学的负责人(visible to a vice-Chancellor)来说特别值得重视。
University nowadays compete for the best studentsdomestically and internationally. similarly, university today also competes for staff. the competition for universities in English speaking countries is more intense than other countries. University also compete for government funding, research contracts, and philanthropic pound. These competitions should be visible to a vice-Chancellor.
“But what are the dangers of keeping these drugs at home?”
“There are a number of dangers. Parents should know that leftover drugs are dangerous because they may be accidentally ingested by children. Either adults don’t keep the bottles properly closed and stored or because even many kids can sometimes open childproof lids. Patients may use the drugs after their expiration date. The leftover drugs may be taken for the wrong reasons. For example, someone may have a viral infection and self-prescribed to left over into microbial that was prescribed for a bacterial infection. But that drug will have no effect as the viral infections. Drugs that are left over might be given to or taken by someone else who may have a serious allergy to the medicine and who for that reason would not be prescribed to medicine under the supervision of a physician. Finally, inappropriate use of drugs promotes drug resistance if the drug is taken for the wrong indication, the wrong duration, or in the wrong dosage.
“Todd, what can people do about this how can the situation be improved?”“I think physicians, patients and parents of patients can take steps to improve the situation. First of all, physicians should prescribe the drug only when appropriate, only in the correct amount and only for the correct duration. Also, the physician must stress to the patient that the full course of the drug must be taken. This is recommended even if symptoms resolved before the end of the prescription and parents of children on antibiotics need to ensure they complete their course as well.”
The lecture is about the dangers of keeping drugs at home. The first danger is that left-over drugs may be accidentally ingested by children and taken for wrong reasons. Besides, leftover drugs may be taken by people with serious allergy. Lastly, inappropriate use of drugs promotes drug resistance. Physician should prescribe drugs only when appropriate with the right amount and duration, and stress the full course must be taken.
The debt today is so high, it’s two hundred thousand rupees, three hundred thousand rupees of peasant who have no capital. They who know within a year or two, when they accumulate that kind of debt. They were never be able to pay back. Where is the debt coming from? It’s coming from seed that is costing a hundred thousand to two hundred thousand rupees per kilogram, depending on what you got. Seed that used to be free, used to be theirs. Pesticides each time, the more they use, the more they have to use, 12 sprays, 15 sprays, 20 sprays. Pesticides used in just the last five years in the land areas of India has showed up by 2000 percent. That is what the free market and globalization have brought and since we are talking about peasants, who have no money, who have no capital, they can only buy expensive seeds and expensive pesticides by borrowing. And who lend that money? The seed companies that sell the pesticides, which are the same companies that sell the seeds, as you know, are now also the major creditors.
Debt today is high for peasants who have no capital. They can never pay back such debt. The debt comes from seeds used to be free. In addition, the more they use pesticides, the more they have to use. This is all because of free market and globalization. Seed companies that sell the pesticides lend the money to peasants.
5.Museum not working for kids
So, we were founded just over ten years ago, when I was in the Royal Academy, a Museum in the center of London, with my three children, at the Aztec exhibition. I don’t know if any of you saw it. I had an older child and two younger children, twins, strapped in a pushchair, and one of my children, three years old, shouted – and I’ve never denied he shouted – he shouted, ‘Monster, monster!’ at this statue which looked just like a monster, had snakes for hair, a big beak for a nose. And, I thought, this is fantastic – I’ve got a three-year old that’s appreciating pre-Hispanic art – how good can it get? So, I bent down and I said, ‘Yes, it looks just like a monster’. And, at that moment, a room warden came over, a gallery assistant came over and said we were being too noisy, and threw us out. Wrong family. I was, at that time, a journalist with The Guardian newspaper, and two days later wrote a big piece in The Guardian about being thrown out of the Royal Academy. What was really interesting was, by the end of that day, we had had, at the paper, over 500 emails from other families saying, ‘Museums aren’t working for us. Let’s try and make it work’. So, that’s what we did. In the Guardian, we set up a campaign. We called it the Kids in Museums campaign, but it didn’t really exist. It was just a few pages. We ran loads of stories on it; I began touring the country talking about how to make your museum family friendly; I was a journalist. I was called in to see the then director of the National Gallery in London, and I’ll never forget this moment, when he called me in and said, ‘We really like this Kids in Museums campaign, and we’ve been talking on our board about it, and we have some ideas of how we might work together, and I’d like you to take them back to your team.
Over ten years ago, the speaker visited the Aztec exhibition with his three children. One of his children shouted ‘monster ’when he saw a statue which looks like a monster. The speaker thought this is good because his children can appreciate the art, but a warden threw them out. Therefore, he wrote a big piece in newspaper about the experience and received emails about how museums are not working. (最后两句话可以二选一) Later, the director of the National Gallery in London shared some ideas with the speaker about museum.
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