但是，其实这样的方法并不适合每一个考试，因为对于这道题来说，评分是由三个部分组成的：发音 + 流利度 + 内容。如果我们任意记录文章词的话，那么这些词不能对应文章的重点词，电脑在识别的时候会给同学们一个低内容分。
1.围绕主旨的说明（比如主旨为first robot，那么记录的所有词都必须是first robot的说明）
1.长期练习（稳定出分）：练习找重点 + 做笔记的能力
Welcome to today’s lesson, we are continuing with our study of taxonomy. Taxonomy is how scientists classify organisms into different groups based on the characteristics that they share. So for instance, a good way of thinking about taxonomy is the U.S. postal service. If we want to send a letter to someone, we first start off by addressing it to the nation they are in, by default, we usually assume that’s America, but it doesn’t have to be, it could be England, or Costa Rico or Spain, you put their nation or their kingdom. Then within that Kingdom, you address it to a slightly more specific level, umm, their state, so for instance, South Carolina, would be the same as the … (gibberish…), within that state, you would address it to their city. And then to their street number, the street they live on, and then you would address it to say, their apartment complex, within that complex, you’d address it by their last name to their family. And finally the first name, to the specific person you want to get it to. And in that way, we are able to weed out all the 400 million people we don’t want to send our letter to, in America, and pinpoint the exact person we want the letter to reach. And (in) the same way, scientists use taxonomy, trying to pinpoint a living creature and organism and how it relates to everything else in the world.
编号#12 Innovation and Invention
He says innovation equals invention. Let me just stop here. Innovation equals invention often people mistake these two things for the same thing. Innovation equals invention, they are not. Innovation is something that generates value for the world. It makes something faster, better, cheaper. It gives someone some great satisfaction. An invention is an idea, a technology, a patent. In and of itself, it does not generate value. So these two are not the same thing. And sometimes you see them interchange. And that’s not correct. So innovation equals invention times commercialization. So and when we look at this equation of innovation something of value, it requires a new idea and then it requires someone or some organization that is going to commercialize that idea. And to make it a value to the world.
编号#15 Teaching Research
All of my research and that I conducted was my 60 plus graduate students, was motivated by their need to learn, so that we can teach. Of course, in some inventions happened along the way but I’ve always considered the end result. And I always consider that these inventions to be by-products, by-products of the learning process. The end product for me was always better understanding or when one really succeeded, a unifying theory that can help us in teaching the subject. I’ve also looked at teaching as a vehicle to try new ideas, of new ways to doing things on an intelligent group of learners. That is as a vehicle for the teaching-research results. And my experience, this kind of teachings is the most stimulating and motivating to students. I have also uncovered many interesting research problems in the course of teaching a subject. It is this unity of research and teaching, their close connection and the benefits garnered by exercising and the interplay that to me characterizes a successful professor.
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