各位学霸们好，今天黄老师给大家带来PTE本周考场出现的听力Summarize Spoken Text真题答案。
1.SST目前机经命中率较高，但是因为机经的量已经较大（完整高频70篇，需要的同学可以找黄老师免费领取）。所以完全背下来是不可能的。所以黄老师推荐同学们通过背诵《雅培英语PTE满分答案》中的秒懂逻辑 + 核心词的方法来理解行记忆。
Through the 1950s and into the 1960s, the idea of the Industrial Revolution was that it was the work of some genius inventors who created machines used primarily in the textile industry — but also in mining — that eliminated blocks to assembly line production. Then everybody was crowded into factories and the new brave world opened up. In fact, one of the most interesting books and great classics that is still in print was written by an economic historian at Harvard who’s still around called David Landes. It’s a good book called The Unbound Prometheus, which was basically that. Some of the inventions that I briefly describe in your reading, the spinning jenny, etc., refer to that. Well, that kind of analysis led one to concentrate on England, where the Industrial Revolution began, and to view industrialization as being a situation of winners and losers. That analysis has been rejected greatly over the past years, because the Industrial Revolution is measured by more than simply large factories with industrial workers and the number of machines. This is the point of the beginning of this. The more that we look at the Industrial Revolution, the more we see that the Industrial Revolution was first and foremost an intensification of forms of production, of kinds of production that were already there. Thus, we spend more time looking at the intensification of artisanal production, craft production, domestic industry — which we’ve already mentioned, that is, people, mostly women but also men and children, too, working in the countryside. The rapid rise of industrial production was very much tied to traditional forms of production.
From1950s to 1960s, the idea of the Industrial Revolution was that genius inventors created machines that eliminated blocks to assembly line production. The analysis of viewing industrialization as being a situation of winners and losers has been rejected because industrial revolution is measured by more than factories. Industrial revolution was an intensification of forms of production, which was tied to traditional forms of production.
Why should we read the Republic? I image lots of students asked this question to me when they’re given it as a set book at the beginning of their university course, but in fact there are many good reasons to read the Republic. And first one I would pick on is just that it is immensely readable. It’s not Plato did not write philosophy like a dry text book. He wrote it like a living conversation. The whole of the Republic which is fairly fat book is a living conversation written in short almost soundbite type answers, but nevertheless, developing some very important ideas so my first answer then we should read the Republic just because it is readable. It is readable it was written by a genius and it’s worth reading. It’s easy to read. It’s not difficult. But then there’s also obviously the thoughts, the content of the book and he’s asking this absolutely fundamental question why should we bother to be good, what’s in it for us effectively. It seems when we look at the world, it looks as though injustice pays. It looks as though crime pays or as the good people get trodden down. So, Plato addresses this absolutely fundamental question why should we be good. I’m not going to tell you his answer. Read the book.
The first reason of reading the Republic is that it is immensely readable. Despite being a fat book, the Republic is a living conversation with short answers and important ideas. Secondly, Plato asked fundamental question why we should be good. The speaker did not tell the answer to the question and suggested reading the book.
The history of software is of course very very new. And the whole IT industry is really only 67 years old which is extraordinary and to be so close to the birth of a major new technology, a major new discipline is quite remarkable given where we got to in those 67 years. And the progression has been not so much a progression as a stampede because Moore’s Law, the rapid expansion in the power of computing and the rapid fall of the cost of computing and storage and communications has made it feasible for information technology to move into all sorts of areas of life that were never originally envisaged. What has happened is that there has been as I said a stampede for people to pick the low-hanging fruit. And that is what’s guided the development of software and information technology over the past decades and continues to do so with a number of consequences that we will explore.
The history of software is very new. The history of IT industry is only 67 years old, which is extraordinary. The progression was very much, in which the rapid expansion in computing power and the rapid fall of computing cost made information technology entered all areas of life. This has led to a stampede (踩踏) for people to pick the low-hanging fruit(唾手可得的东西).
The aperture of a telescope is several times larger than the aperture of human eye so that the objects that can not be normally seen by unaided eye can be seen. Light-gathering power of a telescope is proportional to the area of its aperture and hence depends on the square of the radius of the mirror. Therefore, a 20 cm diameter telescope collects four times more photons than a 10 cm diameter telescope. A telescope can be equipped to record light over a long period of time, by using photographic film or electronic detectors such as photometers or CCD detectors while the eye has no capability to store light. A long-exposure photograph taken through a telescope reveals objects too faint to be seen with the eye, even by looking through the same telescope. A third major advantage of large telescopes is that they have superior resolution, the ability to discern fine detail. Small resolution is good. The resolution is directly proportional to the wavelength being observed and inversely proportional to the diameter of the telescope.
The aperture of a telescope is several times larger than the aperture of human eye so that it can see what human eyes cannot see. Light-gathering power of telescope is proportional to the area of aperture and depends on the square of the radius of the mirror. A telescope can record light over a long time. long-exposure photograph from a large telescope reveals faint objects with superior resolution.
So happiness economics can help us get to these questions, and I’ll try to give you some examples of this. Now, even though there’s a lot of skepticism, originally about using this survey – surveys what people say make them happy. The number of reason that we are getting increasingly confident in doing so. One is that their consistent pattern – remarkable consistent pattern, determines well-being across large samples of people, across countries, across the world, and over time. Some of the basic things that make people happy, and I will show you some of these income, health, marital status, employment status. Some of these very basic things are remarkably consistent across countries across world. So that gives us some sense that these surveys are picking up consistent patterns. And when we know what consistent patterns are, we can look how other things that very much more, affect people’s well-being. The environment and equality, the nature’s institution raging on living, and all kinds of other things that very much more.
The lecture is about happiness economics. There are some skepticisms about the survey of what make people happy. There are some reasons that the speaker is confident in the survey. Firstly, the study shows consistent pattern which determines well-being across large samples of people. These include income, health, marital status, and employment status(这部分听不到可以不写). The speaker is now intended to look how other things affect well-being.