各位学霸们好，今天我们来看看上周六（2021.4.24）雅思大作文真题。上周雅思大作文又出现了一道上热搜的题目！题目如下： In many countries, traditional foods are being replaced by international fast foods, which has a negative effect on local food culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?（注：该题的effect on后面的回忆版本不同）
在看范文之前，黄老师依旧想想说一下这道题的解题难点： 在很多题目中，都会有隐藏的‘范围限定’，这些范围限定常见的有三种，我们这道题就出现了其中的一种‘影响范围限定’（i.e. 这件事影响了哪些特定的对象）。 同学们仔细看这道题，会发现effect后面有local food culture，那么这就要求同学们在写快餐取代当地食物的影响的时候，只能写对于本地饮食文化的影响，而不能出现其他的影响。 比如：快餐取代了当地食物会对经济造成影响，造成失业。这就是一个错误的点，因为和题目限定的‘对于本地饮食文化’影响无关。 在很多题目中，都会出现这类‘影响范围限定’，比如我们对比一下下面两道题： 题目1：The effects of learning a foreign language on children.题目2：The effects of learning a foreign language. 同学们可以发现，在题目1中明显多出了一个范围限定 – on children。所以在我们写学习外语的时候，只能写对于孩子的影响，而在题目二中没有该限定，这就意味着我们可以写对于孩子/社会/经济/学校的影响均可。 所以，同学们下次在审题的时候，一定要注意题干中是否有这类限定，如果有的话，一定要在限定范围内去构思和写作，否则大作文分数就会降档！ 那么，带着上面的思路，我们一起来看看范文吧：（参考资料：Fast food and its effect on regional cuisines – Elise）
2021.4.24真题In many countries, traditional foods are being replaced by international fast foods, which has a negative effect on local food culture. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? 满分词汇：for good or ill 无论好还是坏（双逗号插入语）appeal and condemnation 好处和坏处adversely adv. 负面地regional cuisines 当地美食incubate v. 孕育depreciate v. 贬值authentic adj. 真正的/地道的populate with v. 充斥着gustatory adj. 味觉的passed on v. 传递foray n. 突袭（快速地做某事）late-night snack n. 深夜(零食)宵夜 开头段：Fast food has become, for good or ill, one of the most dominant themes in the global food culture. Its appeal and condemnation has spread to almost every corner of the globe. As far as I am concerned, its impact of local food culture is most certainly detrimental. 支持段1：Fast-food culture has adversely affected traditional regional cuisines. These cuisines grow and develop in homes, and taditional meals and preferences for specific dishes come from exposure on a day-to-day, week-to-week basis whereas our modern, multicultural environment that has incubated the global prevalence of fast food can both help us appreciate other cuisines while at the same time depreciate our connection to our personal heritage with food. 支持段2：Also, when visiting an unfamiliar region or foreign land, it is impossible for travelers to seek out a true cultural experience including authentic sampling of its cuisine if the area is populated with fast food chains. These fast food restaurants are impossible to provide tourists and travelers with a cultural gustatory experience which can only be found in more upscale traditional offerings that fuse regional dishes with cooking techniques. 让步段：However, what fast food captured and exploited was a culture of convenience and a desire for quick sustenance among a people who valued their time over other cultural aspects of eating. Note that many workplaces provide only thirty minutes for lunch and that company lunchrooms or desktop meals in front of a screen are not exactly great cultural experiences either. Fast food is also an attraction for a quick foray off the Interstate on the proverbial road trip or convenient late-night snack on college campuses. 结尾段：Ultimately, regardless of the reason, a regional cuisine cannot survive unless the characteristic dishes are passed on from the older generation to a younger one who can appreciate their merits. To this end, the prevalence of fast food, especially among the younger generation, does inflict damage on the survival of traditional food.